Citations Affected: IC 6-1.1-24-5 ; IC 6-8.1-8-3.
Synopsis: Use of auctioneer for tax sales. Requires a licensed
auctioneer to conduct the sale of real property for delinquent property
taxes or under a tax warrant.
Effective: July 1, 2003.
January 13, 2003, read first time and referred to Committee on Local Government.
A BILL FOR AN ACT to amend the Indiana Code concerning
section 2(a)(3)(D) of this chapter, reflecting the costs incurred by the
county due to the sale, are paid before the time of sale.
(e) The county treasurer shall contract with an auctioneer licensed under IC 25-6.1 to sell the tract or real property, subject to the right of redemption, to the highest bidder at public auction. However, a tract or an item of real property may not be sold for an amount which is less than the sum of:
(1) the delinquent taxes and special assessments on each tract or item of real property;
(2) the taxes and special assessments on each tract or item of real property that are due and payable in the year of the sale, regardless of whether the taxes and special assessments are delinquent;
(3) all penalties which are due on the delinquencies;
(4) the amount prescribed by section 2(a)(3)(D) of this chapter reflecting the costs incurred by the county due to the sale;
(5) any unpaid costs which are due under section 2(b) of this chapter from a prior tax sale; and
(6) other reasonable expenses of collection, including title search expenses, uniform commercial code expenses, and reasonable attorney's fees incurred by the date of the sale.
(f) For purposes of the sale, it is not necessary for the county treasurer to first attempt to collect the real property taxes or special assessments out of the personal property of the owner of the tract or real property.
(g) The county auditor shall serve as the clerk of the sale.
(h) The expenses of conducting the sale by the auctioneer are considered an actual cost of the sale incurred by the county that is directly attributable to the tax sale under section 2(a)(3)(D) of this chapter.
of the judgment lien plus the accrued interest to the date of the
payment. Subject to subsection (b), the sheriff shall make the collection
by garnisheeing the person's wages and by levying on and selling any
interest in property or rights in any chose in action that the person has
in the county. The Indiana laws which provide relief for debtors by
exempting certain property from levy by creditors do not apply to levy
and sale proceedings for judgments arising from tax warrants.
(b) A sheriff shall sell property to satisfy a tax warrant in a manner that is reasonably likely to bring the highest net proceeds from the sale after deducting the expenses of the offer to sell and sale. A sheriff:
(1) may engage an auctioneer; and
(2) if the property to be sold is real property, shall engage an auctioneer;
to advertise a sale and to conduct a public auction, unless the person being levied files an objection with the clerk of the circuit or superior court having the tax warrant within five (5) days of the day that the sheriff informs the person of the person's right to object. The advertising conducted by the auctioneer is in addition to any other notice required by law, and shall include a detailed description of the property to be sold. When an auctioneer is engaged under this subsection and the auctioneer files a verified claim with the clerk of the circuit or superior court with whom the tax warrant is filed, the sheriff may pay the reasonable fee and reasonable expenses of the auctioneer from the gross proceeds of the sale before other expenses and the judgment arising from the tax warrant are paid. As used in this section, "auctioneer" means an auctioneer licensed under IC 25-6.1.
(c) The sheriff shall deposit all amounts that the sheriff collects under this section, including partial payments, into a special trust account for judgments collected that arose from tax warrants. On or before the fifth day of each month the sheriff shall disburse the money in the tax warrant judgment lien trust account in the following order:
(1) The sheriff shall pay the department the part of the collections that represents taxes, interest, and penalties.
(2) The sheriff shall pay the county treasurer and the clerk of the circuit or superior court the part of the collections that represents their assessed costs.
(3) Except as provided in subdivision (4), the sheriff shall keep the part of the collections that represents the ten percent (10%) collection fee added under section 2(b) of this chapter.
(4) If the sheriff has entered a salary contract under IC 36-2-13-2.5 , the sheriff shall deposit in the county general fund the part of the collections that represents the ten percent (10%)
collection fee added under section 2(b) of this chapter.
The department shall establish the procedure for the disbursement of partial payments so that the intent of this section is carried out.
(d) After the period described in subsection (a) has passed, the sheriff shall return the tax warrant to the department. However, if at the end of this period the sheriff is in the process of collecting the judgment arising from a tax warrant in periodic payments of sufficient size that the judgment will be fully paid within one (1) year after the date the judgment was filed, the sheriff may keep the tax warrant and continue collections. When the tax warrant is returned, the department may exercise its collection powers alone, or it may allow the sheriff to continue collections in conjunction with the department. If the department and the sheriff engage in simultaneous collection efforts, the sheriff may retain for disbursement under subsection (c) only the part of the ten percent (10%) collection fee that is applicable to the part of the collections for which the sheriff is responsible. The department shall retain the rest of the collection fee.
(e) Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, the department may order a sheriff to return a tax warrant at any time, if the department feels that action is necessary to protect the interests of the state.
(f) This subsection applies only to the sheriff of a county having a consolidated city or a second class city. In such a county, the ten percent (10%) collection fee added under section 2(b) of this chapter shall be divided as follows:
(1) The sheriff may retain for disbursement under subsection (c) forty thousand dollars ($40,000), plus one-fifth (1/5) of any fees exceeding that forty thousand dollar ($40,000) amount.
(2) Two-fifths (2/5) of any fees exceeding that forty thousand dollar ($40,000) amount shall be deposited in the sheriff's department's pension trust fund.
(3) Two-fifths (2/5) of any fees exceeding that forty thousand dollar ($40,000) amount shall be deposited in the county general fund.