Introduced Version






SENATE BILL No. 237

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DIGEST OF INTRODUCED BILL



Citations Affected: IC 36-4-3.

Synopsis: Annexation remonstrance. Reduces the number of landowners necessary to remonstrate against an annexation.

Effective: January 1, 2004 (retroactive).





Drozda




    January 4, 2005, read first time and referred to Committee on Governmental Affairs and Interstate Cooperation.







Introduced

First Regular Session 114th General Assembly (2005)


PRINTING CODE. Amendments: Whenever an existing statute (or a section of the Indiana Constitution) is being amended, the text of the existing provision will appear in this style type, additions will appear in this style type, and deletions will appear in this style type.
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SENATE BILL No. 237



    A BILL FOR AN ACT to amend the Indiana Code concerning local government.

Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of Indiana:

SOURCE: IC 36-4-3-11; (05)IN0237.1.1. -->     SECTION 1. IC 36-4-3-11 IS AMENDED TO READ AS FOLLOWS [EFFECTIVE JANUARY 1, 2004 (RETROACTIVE)]: Sec. 11. (a) Except as provided in section 5.1(i) of this chapter and subsection (d), whenever territory is annexed by a municipality under this chapter, the annexation may be appealed by filing with the circuit or superior court of a county in which the annexed territory is located a written remonstrance signed by:
        (1) at least sixty-five fifty-one percent (65%) (51%) of the owners of land in the annexed territory; or
        (2) the owners of more than seventy-five percent (75%) in assessed valuation of the land in the annexed territory.
The remonstrance must be filed within ninety (90) days after the publication of the annexation ordinance under section 7 of this chapter, must be accompanied by a copy of that ordinance, and must state the reason why the annexation should not take place.
    (b) On receipt of the remonstrance, the court shall determine whether the remonstrance has the necessary signatures. In determining

the total number of landowners of the annexed territory and whether signers of the remonstrance are landowners, the names appearing on the tax duplicate for that territory constitute prima facie evidence of ownership. Only one (1) person having an interest in each single property, as evidenced by the tax duplicate, is considered a landowner for purposes of this section.
    (c) If the court determines that the remonstrance is sufficient, it shall fix a time, within sixty (60) days of its determination, for a hearing on the remonstrance. Notice of the proceedings, in the form of a summons, shall be served on the annexing municipality. The municipality is the defendant in the cause and shall appear and answer.
    (d) If an annexation is initiated by property owners under section 5.1 of this chapter and all property owners within the area to be annexed petition the municipality to be annexed, a remonstrance to the annexation may not be filed under this section.

SOURCE: IC 36-4-3-13; (05)IN0237.1.2. -->     SECTION 2. IC 36-4-3-13 IS AMENDED TO READ AS FOLLOWS [EFFECTIVE JANUARY 1, 2004 (RETROACTIVE)]: Sec. 13. (a) Except as provided in subsections (e) and (g), at the hearing under section 12 of this chapter, the court shall order a proposed annexation to take place if the following requirements are met:
        (1) The requirements of either subsection (b) or (c).
        (2) The requirements of subsection (d).
    (b) The requirements of this subsection are met if the evidence establishes the following:
        (1) That the territory sought to be annexed is contiguous to the municipality.
        (2) One (1) of the following:
            (A) The resident population density of the territory sought to be annexed is at least three (3) persons per acre.
            (B) Sixty percent (60%) of the territory is subdivided.
            (C) The territory is zoned for commercial, business, or industrial uses.
    (c) The requirements of this subsection are met if the evidence establishes the following:
        (1) That the territory sought to be annexed is contiguous to the municipality as required by section 1.5 of this chapter, except that at least one-fourth (1/4), instead of one-eighth (1/8), of the aggregate external boundaries of the territory sought to be annexed must coincide with the boundaries of the municipality.
        (2) That the territory sought to be annexed is needed and can be used by the municipality for its development in the reasonably

near future.
    (d) The requirements of this subsection are met if the evidence establishes that the municipality has developed and adopted a written fiscal plan and has established a definite policy, by resolution of the legislative body as set forth in section 3.1 of this chapter. The fiscal plan must show the following:
        (1) The cost estimates of planned services to be furnished to the territory to be annexed. The plan must present itemized estimated costs for each municipal department or agency.
        (2) The method or methods of financing the planned services. The plan must explain how specific and detailed expenses will be funded and must indicate the taxes, grants, and other funding to be used.
        (3) The plan for the organization and extension of services. The plan must detail the specific services that will be provided and the dates the services will begin.
        (4) That planned services of a noncapital nature, including police protection, fire protection, street and road maintenance, and other noncapital services normally provided within the corporate boundaries, will be provided to the annexed territory within one (1) year after the effective date of annexation and that they will be provided in a manner equivalent in standard and scope to those noncapital services provided to areas within the corporate boundaries regardless of similar topography, patterns of land use, and population density.
        (5) That services of a capital improvement nature, including street construction, street lighting, sewer facilities, water facilities, and stormwater drainage facilities, will be provided to the annexed territory within three (3) years after the effective date of the annexation in the same manner as those services are provided to areas within the corporate boundaries, regardless of similar topography, patterns of land use, and population density, and in a manner consistent with federal, state, and local laws, procedures, and planning criteria.
    (e) At the hearing under section 12 of this chapter, the court shall do the following:
        (1) Consider evidence on the conditions listed in subdivision (2).
        (2) Order a proposed annexation not to take place if the court finds that all of the following conditions exist in the territory proposed to be annexed:
            (A) The following services are adequately furnished by a provider other than the municipality seeking the annexation:


                (i) Police and fire protection.
                (ii) Street and road maintenance.
            (B) The annexation will have a significant financial impact on the residents or owners of land.
            (C) The annexation is not in the best interests of the owners of land in the territory proposed to be annexed as set forth in subsection (f).
            (D) One (1) of the following opposes the annexation:
                (i) At least sixty-five fifty-one percent (65%) (51%) of the owners of land in the territory proposed to be annexed.
                (ii) The owners of more than seventy-five percent (75%) in assessed valuation of the land in the territory proposed to be annexed.
            Evidence of opposition may be expressed by any owner of land in the territory proposed to be annexed.
    (f) The municipality under subsection (e)(2)(C) bears the burden of proving that the annexation is in the best interests of the owners of land in the territory proposed to be annexed. In determining this issue, the court may consider whether the municipality has extended sewer or water services to the entire territory to be annexed:
        (1) within the three (3) years preceding the date of the introduction of the annexation ordinance; or
        (2) under a contract in lieu of annexation entered into under IC 36-4-3-21.
The court may not consider the provision of water services as a result of an order by the Indiana utility regulatory commission to constitute the provision of water services to the territory to be annexed.
    (g) This subsection applies only to cities located in a county having a population of more than two hundred thousand (200,000) but less than three hundred thousand (300,000). However, this subsection does not apply if on April 1, 1993, the entire boundary of the territory that is proposed to be annexed was contiguous to territory that was within the boundaries of one (1) or more municipalities. At the hearing under section 12 of this chapter, the court shall do the following:
        (1) Consider evidence on the conditions listed in subdivision (2).
        (2) Order a proposed annexation not to take place if the court finds that all of the following conditions exist in the territory proposed to be annexed:
            (A) The following services are adequately furnished by a provider other than the municipality seeking the annexation:
                (i) Police and fire protection.
                (ii) Street and road maintenance.
            (B) The annexation will have a significant financial impact on the residents or owners of land.
            (C) One (1) of the following opposes the annexation:
                (i) A majority of the owners of land in the territory proposed to be annexed.
                (ii) The owners of more than seventy-five percent (75%) in assessed valuation of the land in the territory proposed to be annexed.
            Evidence of opposition may be expressed by any owner of land in the territory proposed to be annexed.
    (h) The most recent:
        (1) federal decennial census;
        (2) federal special census;
        (3) special tabulation; or
        (4) corrected population count;
shall be used as evidence of resident population density for purposes of subsection (b)(2)(A), but this evidence may be rebutted by other evidence of population density.
SOURCE: ; (05)IN0237.1.3. -->     SECTION 3. An emergency is declared for this act.