Citations Affected: IC 24-4-14.
Synopsis: Consignment of art. Provides that if an artist delivers a work
of art to an art dealer for exhibition or sale on commission, the work of
art is considered to be for sale on consignment unless the artist is paid
in full upon delivery of the work of art. Provides that the work of art
and the proceeds due the artist from the sale of the work of art are
property held in trust for the artist by the art dealer and are not subject
to seizure or encumbrance by a creditor of the art dealer. Specifies that
the provisions of this act may not be waived and that any part of a
contract purporting to waive a provision of this act is void. Requires
that a contract between an art dealer and an artist specify: (1) the value
of the work of art; (2) the minimum price for which the work of art may
be sold; (3) any discounts that the art dealer may apply in selling the
work of art; (4) the art dealer's commission; and (5) in the event of a
sale, the amount of time the art dealer has to pay the artist. Makes other
Effective: July 1, 2006.
January 5, 2006, read first time and referred to Committee on Judiciary.
A BILL FOR AN ACT to amend the Indiana Code concerning
SECTION 1. IC 24-4-14 IS ADDED TO THE INDIANA CODE AS
A NEW CHAPTER TO READ AS FOLLOWS [EFFECTIVE JULY
Chapter 14. Art Dealers and Consignment of Art
Sec. 1. The following definitions apply throughout this chapter:
(1) "Art dealer" means a person engaged in the business of selling works of art. The term does not include a person exclusively engaged in the business of selling goods at public auction.
(2) "Artist" means the creator of a work of art. If the creator of a work of art is deceased, the term includes the creator's heir, legatee, or personal representative.
(3) "Bona fide purchaser" means a person who in good faith makes a purchase without notice of any outstanding rights of others.
(4) "Claim" means a right to payment, whether or not the right is reduced to judgment, liquidated, fixed, matured,
disputed, secured, legal, or equitable. The term includes costs
of collection and attorney's fees only to the extent that the
laws of Indiana permit the holder of the claim to recover them
in an action against the obligor.
(5) "Commission" means the fee that an artist and an art dealer have agreed that the art dealer may retain after the sale of the artist's work of art to a third party. The term includes any form of compensation, including a percentage of the actual selling price of a work of art.
(6) "Creditor" means a person who has a claim.
(7) "On consignment" means that no:
(A) title to;
(B) estate in; or
(C) right to possession of;
a work of art superior to that of the consignor vests in the consignee, even if the consignee has the authority to transfer all of the consignor's right, title, and interest in the work of art to a third party.
(8) "Work of art" means the following:
(A) A visual rendition, including a painting, drawing, sculpture, mosaic, videotape, photograph, or digital image.
(B) A work of calligraphy.
(C) A work of graphic art, including an etching, a lithograph, a serigraph, or an offset print.
(D) A craft work in material, including clay, textile, fiber, wood, metal, plastic, or glass.
(E) A work in mixed media including a collage, assemblage, or work consisting of any combination of works described in clauses (A) through (D).
Sec. 2. (a) This section supersedes any custom, practice, or usage of the trade.
(b) When an artist delivers a work of art of the artist's own creation to an art dealer for the purpose of:
(2) exhibition; or
(3) sale and exhibition;
for a commission, the delivery to and acceptance of the work of art by the art dealer places the work of art on consignment, unless the delivery is under an outright sale for which the artist receives full compensation for the work of art upon delivery.
(c) An art dealer described in subsection (b) is the agent of the artist with respect to a work of art described in subsection (b).
damage to a work of art is not required to pay an amount that
exceeds the amount that would have been due the artist if the work
of art had been sold in accordance with the agreement.
(h) An art dealer is not liable for the loss of or damage to a work of art in the art dealer's possession if:
(1) the loss or damage occurs more than thirty (30) days after:
(A) the date by which the artist must remove the work of art, as specified in a written agreement between the artist and the art dealer; or
(B) if a written agreement described in clause (A) does not exist, the date on which the art dealer sends written notice to the artist by registered mail at the artist's last known address that the artist must remove the work of art; and
(2) the work of art was in the art dealer's possession at the time of the loss or damage because the artist failed to remove the work of art.
Sec. 3. (a) If a work of art is trust property under section 2 of this chapter when an art dealer initially receives it, the work of art remains trust property until the balance due the artist from the sale of the work of art is paid in full, even if the art dealer directly or indirectly purchases the work of art for the art dealer's own account.
(b) If an art dealer resells a work of art described in subsection (a) to a bona fide purchaser before the artist has been paid in full, the work of art ceases to be trust property and the proceeds of the resale are trust funds in the hands of the art dealer for the benefit of the artist to the extent necessary to pay any balance due the artist. The trusteeship of the proceeds continues until the fiduciary obligation of the art dealer with respect to the transaction is discharged in full.
Sec. 4. Trust property under section 2 or 3 of this chapter is not subject to a claim, lien, or security interest of a creditor of the art dealer.
Sec. 5. (a) An art dealer may accept a work of art for commission on consignment from an artist only if, not later than seven (7) days after accepting the work of art, the art dealer enters into a written contract with the artist that specifies the following:
(1) The value of the work of art.
(2) The time within which the proceeds from the sale must be paid to the artist if the work of art is sold.
(3) The commission the art dealer is to receive if the work of art is sold.
(4) The minimum price for the sale of the work of art.
(5) Any discounts ordinarily given by the art dealer in the regular course of business.
(b) An art dealer who accepts a work of art for commission on consignment from an artist may:
(1) use or display the work of art or a photograph of the work of art; or
(2) permit the use or display of the work of art or a photograph of the work of art;
only if notice is given to a user or viewer that the work of art is the work of the artist.
(c) If an art dealer violates this section, the artist may bring an action in a court with jurisdiction to void the artist's contractual obligations to the art dealer. An art dealer who violates this section is liable to the artist in an amount equal to:
(1) fifty dollars ($50);
(2) any actual, consequential, or incidental damages sustained by the artist because of the violation of this section; and
(3) reasonable attorney's fees.
Sec. 6. (a) This section does not apply to an express written agreement under section 2(e) of this chapter altering a provision set forth in section 2(e)(1) or 2(e)(2) of this chapter.
(b) The provisions of this chapter may not be waived. Any part of an agreement that purports to waive a provision of this chapter is void.