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SENATE ENROLLED ACT No. 78




     AN ACT to amend the Indiana Code concerning probate and trusts.

    Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of Indiana:

    SECTION 1. IC 6-1.1-1-9 IS AMENDED TO READ AS FOLLOWS [EFFECTIVE UPON PASSAGE]: Sec. 9. (a) For purposes of this article, the "owner" of tangible property shall be determined by using the rules contained in this section.
    (b) Except as otherwise provided in this section, the holder of the legal title to personal property, or the legal title in fee to real property, is the owner of that property.
    (c) When title to tangible property passes on the assessment date of any year, only the person obtaining title is the owner of that property on the assessment date.
    (d) When the mortgagee of real property is in possession of the mortgaged premises, the mortgagee is the owner of that property.
    (e) When personal property is security for a debt and the debtor is in possession of the property, the debtor is the owner of that property.
    (f) When a life tenant of real property is in possession of the real property, the life tenant is the owner of that property.
     (g) When the grantor of a qualified personal residence trust created under United States Treasury Regulation 25.2702-5(c)(2) is:
        (1) in possession of the real property transferred to the trust;

and
        (2) entitled to occupy the real property rent free under the terms of the trust;
the grantor is the owner of that real property.

    SECTION 2. IC 6-1.1-12-17.9, AS ADDED BY P.L.95-2007, SECTION 2, IS AMENDED TO READ AS FOLLOWS [EFFECTIVE UPON PASSAGE]: Sec. 17.9. A trust is entitled to a deduction under section 9, 11, 13, 14, 16, or 17.4 of this chapter for real property owned by the trust and occupied by an individual if the county auditor determines that the individual:
        (1) upon verification in the body of the deed or otherwise, has either:
            (A)
a beneficial interest in the trust; or
            (B) the right to occupy the real property rent free under the terms of a qualified personal residence trust created by the individual under United States Treasury Regulation 25.2702-5(c)(2);

        (2) otherwise qualifies for the deduction; and
        (3) would be considered the owner of the real property under IC 6-1.1-1-9(f) or IC 6-1.1-1-9(g).
    SECTION 3. IC 6-1.1-20.9-2, AS AMENDED BY P.L.224-2007, SECTION 39, IS AMENDED TO READ AS FOLLOWS [EFFECTIVE UPON PASSAGE]: Sec. 2. (a) Except as otherwise provided in section 5 of this chapter, an individual who on March 1 of a particular year either owns or is buying a homestead under a contract that provides the individual is to pay the property taxes on the homestead is entitled each calendar year to a credit against the property taxes which the individual pays on the individual's homestead. However, only one (1) individual may receive a credit under this chapter for a particular homestead in a particular year.
    (b) The amount of the credit to which the individual is entitled equals the product of:
        (1) the percentage prescribed in subsection (d); multiplied by
        (2) the amount of the individual's property tax liability, as that term is defined in IC 6-1.1-21-5, which is:
            (A) attributable to the homestead during the particular calendar year; and
            (B) determined after the application of the property tax replacement credit under IC 6-1.1-21.
    (c) For purposes of determining that part of an individual's property tax liability that is attributable to the individual's homestead, all

deductions from assessed valuation which the individual claims under IC 6-1.1-12 or IC 6-1.1-12.1 for property on which the individual's homestead is located must be applied first against the assessed value of the individual's homestead before those deductions are applied against any other property.
    (d) The percentage of the credit referred to in subsection (b)(1) is as follows:
    YEAR    PERCENTAGE
        OF THE CREDIT
    1996    8%
    1997    6%
    1998 through 2002    10%
    2003 through 2005    20%
    2006    28%
    2007 and thereafter    20%
However, the percentage credit allowed in a particular county for a particular year shall be increased if on January 1 of a year an ordinance adopted by a county income tax council was in effect in the county which increased the homestead credit. The amount of the increase equals the amount designated in the ordinance.
    (e) Before October 1 of each year, the assessor shall furnish to the county auditor the amount of the assessed valuation of each homestead for which a homestead credit has been properly filed under this chapter.
    (f) The county auditor shall apply the credit equally to each installment of taxes that the individual pays for the property.
    (g) Notwithstanding the provisions of this chapter, a taxpayer other than an individual is entitled to the credit provided by this chapter if:
        (1) an individual uses the residence as the individual's principal place of residence;
        (2) the residence is located in Indiana;
        (3) the individual:
             (A) has a beneficial interest in the taxpayer; or
            (B) has the right to occupy the residence rent free under the terms of a qualified personal residence trust created by the individual under United States Treasury Regulation 25.2702-5(c)(2);

        (4) the taxpayer either owns the residence or is buying it under a contract, recorded in the county recorder's office, that provides that the individual is to pay the property taxes on the residence; and
        (5) the residence consists of a single-family dwelling and the real

estate, not exceeding one (1) acre, that immediately surrounds that dwelling.
    SECTION 4. IC 27-8-5-22 IS AMENDED TO READ AS FOLLOWS [EFFECTIVE JULY 1, 2008]: Sec. 22. (a) All individual policies of accident and sickness insurance issued for delivery in Indiana after June 30, 1990, must provide for the refund of unused premiums upon the death of the insured during the contract period.
    (b) The amount of premium refund shall be prorated from the date following the date of death of the insured to the end of the contract period for which the premium has been paid.
    (c) The refund required by this section shall be paid as follows:
        (1) If a person other than the insured paid the premium, to that person. A person entitled to a refund under this subdivision must furnish proof of payment to the insurer.
        (2) If the insured paid the premium, to the surviving spouse of the insured. If there is no surviving spouse, the premium shall be paid in the same manner as distributions of the net estate of a person who dies intestate under IC 29-1-2-1(d). A parent disqualified under IC 29-1-2-1(e) from receiving an intestate share of the parent's child's estate is not entitled to a refund under this section of insurance premiums paid by the child.
    (d) A person entitled to receive a refund under this section must do the following:
        (1) Submit a written request for the refund.
        (2) Furnish proof of the insured's death.
    (e) This section does not affect the rights of a dependent under a policy covered by this section to obtain a conversion policy upon the death of the insured.
    SECTION 5. IC 29-1-2-1, AS AMENDED BY P.L.61-2006, SECTION 1, IS AMENDED TO READ AS FOLLOWS [EFFECTIVE JULY 1, 2008]: Sec. 1. (a) The estate of a person dying intestate shall descend and be distributed as provided in this section.
    (b) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (c), the surviving spouse shall receive the following share:
        (1) One-half (1/2) of the net estate if the intestate is survived by at least one (1) child or by the issue of at least one (1) deceased child.
        (2) Three-fourths (3/4) of the net estate, if there is no surviving issue, but the intestate is survived by one (1) or both of the intestate's parents.
        (3) All of the net estate, if there is no surviving issue or parent.


    (c) If the surviving spouse is a second or other subsequent spouse who did not at any time have children by the decedent, and the decedent left surviving the decedent a child or children or the descendants of a child or children by a previous spouse, the surviving second or subsequent childless spouse shall take only an amount equal to twenty-five percent (25%) of the remainder of:
        (1) the fair market value as of the date of death of the real property of the deceased spouse; minus
        (2) the value of the liens and encumbrances on the real property of the deceased spouse.
The fee shall, at the decedent's death, vest at once in the decedent's surviving child or children, or the descendants of the decedent's child or children who may be dead. A second or subsequent childless spouse described in this subsection shall, however, receive the same share of the personal property of the decedent as is provided in subsection (b) with respect to surviving spouses generally.
    (d) The share of the net estate not distributable to the surviving spouse, or the entire net estate if there is no surviving spouse, shall descend and be distributed as follows:
        (1) To the issue of the intestate, if they are all of the same degree of kinship to the intestate, they shall take equally, or if of unequal degree, then those of more remote degrees shall take by representation.
        (2) Except as provided in subsection (e), if there is a surviving spouse but no surviving issue of the intestate, then to the surviving parents of the intestate.
        (3) Except as provided in subsection (e), if there is no surviving spouse or issue of the intestate, then to the surviving parents, brothers, and sisters, and the issue of deceased brothers and sisters of the intestate. Each living parent of the intestate shall be treated as of the same degree as a brother or sister and shall be entitled to the same share as a brother or sister. However, the share of each parent shall be not less than one-fourth (1/4) of the decedent's net estate. Issue of deceased brothers and sisters shall take by representation.
        (4) If there is no surviving parent or brother or sister of the intestate, then to the issue of brothers and sisters. If the distributees described in this subdivision are all in the same degree of kinship to the intestate, they shall take equally or, if of unequal degree, then those of more remote degrees shall take by representation.
        (5) If there is no surviving issue or parent of the intestate or issue of a parent, then to the surviving grandparents of the intestate equally.
        (6) If there is no surviving issue or parent or issue of a parent, or grandparent of the intestate, then the estate of the decedent shall be divided into that number of shares equal to the sum of:
            (A) the number of brothers and sisters of the decedent's parents surviving the decedent; plus
            (B) the number of deceased brothers and sisters of the decedent's parents leaving issue surviving both them and the decedent;
        and one (1) of the shares shall pass to each of the brothers and sisters of the decedent's parents or their respective issue per stirpes.
        (7) If interests in real estate go to a husband and wife under this subsection, the aggregate interests so descending shall be owned by them as tenants by the entireties. Interests in personal property so descending shall be owned as tenants in common.
        (8) If there is no person mentioned in subdivisions (1) through (7), then to the state.
     (e) A parent may not receive an intestate share of the estate of the parent's minor or adult child if:
        (1) the parent was convicted of causing the death of the other parent by:
            (A) murder (IC 35-42-1-1);
            (B) voluntary manslaughter (IC 35-42-1-3);
            (C) another criminal act, if the death does not result from the operation of a vehicle; or
            (D) a crime in any other jurisdiction in which the elements of the crime are substantially similar to the elements of a crime listed in clauses (A) through (C); and
        (2) the victim of the crime is the other parent of the child.
If a parent is disqualified from receiving an intestate share under this subsection, the estate of the deceased child shall be distributed as though the parent had predeceased the child.

    SECTION 6. IC 29-1-13-1.5 IS ADDED TO THE INDIANA CODE AS A NEW SECTION TO READ AS FOLLOWS [EFFECTIVE JULY 1, 2008]: Sec. 1.5. (a) Upon the death of an individual, a financial institution shall grant access in the following order of priority to a safe deposit box leased by the individual at the time of the individual's death:
        (1) A surviving joint lessee of the safe deposit box, upon the presentation of proof of the individual's status as a joint lessee.
        (2) The personal representative of the individual's estate, upon the presentation of letters testamentary or letters of administration.
        (3) The personal representative named in the individual's will, upon the presentation of an affidavit meeting the requirements of subsection (c) if a probate estate has not been opened.
        (4) The trustee of a trust created by the individual that was revocable during the individual's life, upon the presentation of an affidavit meeting the requirements of subsection (c) if a probate estate has not been opened.
        (5) Any other individual, upon the presentation of a court order directing access to the safe deposit box.
    (b) A person granted access to a safe deposit box under subsection (a) may exercise the following rights:
        (1) The right to open the safe deposit box.
        (2) The right to remove the contents of the safe deposit box.
        (3) The right to cancel the lease for the safe deposit box.
    (c) An affidavit required by subsection (a)(3) or (a)(4) must contain the following information:
        (1) The name of the individual leasing the safe deposit box and the date of the individual's death.
        (2) A statement as to whether the individual died testate or intestate.
        (3) The name of the county in which the individual was domiciled at the time of the individual's death.
        (4) A statement that no application or petition for the appointment of a personal representative has been granted or is pending in any jurisdiction.
        (5) A statement under the penalty of perjury that the affiant is qualified under subsection (a)(3) or (a)(4) to obtain access to the safe deposit box leased by the individual.
    (d) Except as provided in subsection (h), a financial institution that is presented with a request for access to a safe deposit box by a person described in subsection (a):
        (1) shall grant access to the safe deposit box within three (3) business days of the presentation of the appropriate documentation required by subsection (a); and
        (2) is liable to:
            (A) the estate of the individual leasing the safe deposit box; or
            (B) an individual entitled to access to the safe deposit box under subsection (a);
        if it fails to grant access to the safe deposit box within three (3) business days of the presentation of the appropriate documentation required by subsection (a).
    (e) A financial institution that provides access to a safe deposit box under this section is discharged and released from liability and responsibility for the assets held in the safe deposit box. The financial institution is not required to:
        (1) inquire into the truth of any statement in an affidavit presented under this section; or
        (2) participate in the disposition of the assets held in the safe deposit box.
    (f) A plaintiff who prevails in an action:
        (1) to compel a financial institution presented with a request for access to a safe deposit box in accordance with this section to accept the authority of the person requesting access; or
        (2) for damages arising from a financial institution's refusal to grant the requested access;
is entitled to recover the amounts specified in subsection (g).
    (g) A prevailing plaintiff described in subsection (f) is entitled to the following:
        (1) Three (3) times the amount of the actual damages.
        (2) Attorney's fees and court costs.
        (3) Prejudgment interest on the actual damages calculated from the date that the appropriate documentation was presented to the financial institution under subsection (a).
    (h) If a financial institution requires the services of a locksmith or other contractor to gain access to a safe deposit box, the financial institution has five (5) additional business days to comply with the requirements of subsection (d).

    SECTION 7. IC 29-3-9-1 IS AMENDED TO READ AS FOLLOWS [EFFECTIVE JULY 1, 2008]: Sec. 1. (a) By a properly executed power of attorney, a parent of a minor or a guardian (other than a temporary guardian) of an incapacitated person or minor, a protected person may delegate to another person for:
        (1) any period during which the care and custody of the minor or protected person is entrusted to an institution furnishing care,

custody, education, or training; or
        (2) a period not exceeding sixty (60) days during which the parent or guardian is physically incapacitated or absent from the parent's or guardian's residence; twelve (12) months;
any powers regarding support, custody, or property of the minor or protected person, except the power to consent to the marriage or adoption of a protected person who is a minor.
    (b) A person having a power of attorney executed under subsection (a) has and shall exercise, for the period during which the power is effective, all other authority of the parent or guardian respecting the support, custody, or property of the minor or protected person except any authority expressly excluded in the written instrument delegating the power. However, the parent or guardian remains responsible for any act or omission of the person having the power of attorney with respect to the affairs, property, and person of the minor or protected person as though the power of attorney had never been executed.
     (c) Except as otherwise stated in the power of attorney delegating powers under this section, a delegation of powers under this section may be revoked by a written instrument of revocation that:
        (1) identifies the power of attorney revoked; and
        (2) is signed by the:
            (A) parent of a minor; or
            (B) guardian of a protected person;
        who executed the power of attorney.

    SECTION 8. IC 30-4-2.1-12 IS ADDED TO THE INDIANA CODE AS A NEW SECTION TO READ AS FOLLOWS [EFFECTIVE JULY 1, 2008]: Sec. 12. (a) If a trust is terminated or partially terminated and the available trust property is not sufficient to fully satisfy the interests of all beneficiaries, the interests must be abated in the following order:
        (1) The interests that would be characterized as residuary devises if the trust were a will.
        (2) The interests that would be characterized as general devises if the trust were a will.
        (3) The interests that would be characterized as specific devises if the trust were a will.
The amount abated for each beneficiary within each classification described in subdivisions (1) through (3) must be proportional to the amount of property that each beneficiary would have received if full distribution of the trust property had been made in

accordance with the terms of the trust instrument.
    (b) If:
        (1) a trust instrument expresses an order of abatement that differs from the order set forth in subsection (a); or
        (2) the order of abatement stated in subsection (a) would impair an express or implied purpose of the trust;
the interests of the beneficiaries must be abated in the manner determined appropriate to give effect to the settlor's intent.
    (c) If, under the terms of a trust that was revocable at the time of the settlor's death, the subject of a preferred devise is sold or used to pay debts, expenses, taxes, or other obligations incident to the settlement of the settlor's affairs, abatement must be achieved by adjustment in, or contribution from, other interests in the remaining trust property.
    (d) Where applicable, the abatement of beneficiary interests in a trust is subject to IC 32-17-13-4.

    SECTION 9. IC 30-5-4-1 IS AMENDED TO READ AS FOLLOWS [EFFECTIVE JULY 1, 2008]: Sec. 1. To be valid, a power of attorney must meet the following conditions:
        (1) Be in writing.
        (2) Name an attorney in fact.
        (3) Give the attorney in fact the power to act on behalf of the principal.
        (4) Be signed by the principal or at the principal's direction in the presence of a notary public.
         (5) In the case of a power of attorney signed at the direction of the principal, the notary must state that the individual who signed the power of attorney on behalf of the principal did so at the principal's direction.
    SECTION 10. IC 30-5-4-2 IS AMENDED TO READ AS FOLLOWS [EFFECTIVE JULY 1, 2008]: Sec. 2. (a) Except as provided in subsection (b), a power of attorney is effective on the date the power of attorney is signed by the principal. in accordance with section 1(4) of this chapter.
    (b) A power of attorney may:
        (1) specify the date on which the power will become effective; or
        (2) become effective upon the occurrence of an event.
    SECTION 11. IC 32-17-13-4 IS AMENDED TO READ AS FOLLOWS [EFFECTIVE JULY 1, 2008]: Sec. 4. Unless otherwise provided by the trust instrument, interest of beneficiaries in all trusts incurring liabilities under this chapter shall abate as necessary to satisfy

the liability as if all of the trust instruments were a single will and the interests were devises under it. trust.
    SECTION 12. IC 34-30-2-122.9 IS ADDED TO THE INDIANA CODE AS A NEW SECTION TO READ AS FOLLOWS [EFFECTIVE JULY 1, 2008]: Sec. 122.9. IC 29-1-13-1.5 (Concerning a financial institution granting access to a safe deposit box upon the death of an individual).
    SECTION 13. [EFFECTIVE UPON PASSAGE] IC 6-1.1-1-9, IC 6-1.1-12-17.9, and IC 6-1.1-20.9-2, all as amended by this act, apply to property taxes first due and payable after December 31, 2008.
    SECTION 14. An emergency is declared for this act.





President of the Senate



President Pro Tempore



Speaker of the House of Representatives



Governor of the State of Indiana

Date:


                Time:


SEA 78

Figure

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