February 19, 2010
HOUSE BILL No. 1234
DIGEST OF HB 1234
(Updated February 18, 2010 3:55 pm - DI 107)
Citations Affected: IC 25-15; IC 35-33.
Synopsis: No contact orders and next of kin control of bodies.
Requires a court to include as a condition of bail the requirement that
a defendant charged with a violent crime that results in bodily injury to
a person refrain from any direct or indirect contact with the victim for
10 days after release or until the initial hearing, whichever occurs first,
if the defendant is released to bail without the court having held a bail
hearing in open court. Prohibits certain persons from making certain
determinations concerning the remains of a decedent if the decedent
had filed a protection order against the person and the protection order
currently is in effect.
Effective: July 1, 2010.
(SENATE SPONSORS _ BECKER, LANANE, ZAKAS, BRODEN, BREAUX,
RANDOLPH, HEAD, HOLDMAN)
January 11, 2010, read first time and referred to Committee on Judiciary.
January 20, 2010, reported _ Do Pass.
January 25, 2010, read second time, ordered engrossed.
January 26, 2010, engrossed. Read third time, passed. Yeas 90, nays 5.
February 1, 2010, read first time and referred to Committee on Judiciary.
February 11, 2010, amended, reported favorably _ Do Pass.
February 18, 2010, read second time, amended, ordered engrossed.
February 19, 2010
Second Regular Session 116th General Assembly (2010)
PRINTING CODE. Amendments: Whenever an existing statute (or a section of the Indiana
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between statutes enacted by the 2009 Regular and Special Sessions of the General Assembly.
HOUSE BILL No. 1234
A BILL FOR AN ACT to amend the Indiana Code concerning
criminal law and procedure.
Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of Indiana:
SOURCE: IC 25-15-2-24; (10)EH1234.2.1. -->
SECTION 1. IC 25-15-2-24 IS ADDED TO THE INDIANA CODE
AS A NEW SECTION TO READ AS FOLLOWS [EFFECTIVE JULY
1, 2010]: Sec. 24. "Protection order" means an injunction or other
order issued by a tribunal of the issuing state or Indian tribe to
prevent an individual from:
(1) engaging in violent or threatening acts against;
(2) engaging in harassment of;
(3) engaging in contact or communication with; or
(4) being in physical proximity to;
another person, including temporary and final orders issued by
civil and criminal courts.
SOURCE: IC 25-15-9-18; (10)EH1234.2.2. -->
SECTION 2. IC 25-15-9-18, AS AMENDED BY P.L.143-2009,
SECTION 7, IS AMENDED TO READ AS FOLLOWS [EFFECTIVE
JULY 1, 2010]: Sec. 18. (a) Except as provided in subsection (b), the
following persons, in the order of priority indicated, have the authority
to designate the manner, type, and selection of the final disposition and
interment of human remains:
(1) An individual granted the authority in a funeral planning
declaration executed by the decedent under IC 29-2-19.
(2) An individual granted the authority in a health care power of
attorney executed by the decedent under IC 30-5-5-16.
(3) The individual who was the spouse of the decedent at the time
of the decedent's death.
(4) The decedent's surviving adult child. If more than one (1)
adult child is surviving, any adult child who confirms in writing
that the other adult children have been notified, unless the
licensed funeral director or licensed funeral home receives a
written objection from another adult child.
(5) The decedent's surviving parent. If the decedent is survived by
both parents, either parent has the authority unless the licensed
funeral director or licensed funeral home receives a written
objection from the other parent.
(6) The individual in the next degree of kinship under IC 29-1-2-1
to inherit the estate of the decedent. If more than one (1)
individual of the same degree survives, any person of that degree
has the authority unless the licensed funeral director or licensed
funeral home receives a written objection from one (1) or more
persons of the same degree.
(7) In the case of an indigent or other individual whose final
disposition is the responsibility of the state or township, the
(A) If none of the persons identified in subdivisions (1)
through (6) is available:
(i) a public administrator, including a responsible township
trustee or the trustee's designee; or
(ii) the coroner.
(B) A state appointed guardian.
(1) the death of the decedent appears to have been the result of:
(A) murder (IC 35-42-1-1);
(B) voluntary manslaughter (IC 35-42-1-3); or
(C) another criminal act, if the death does not result from the
operation of a vehicle; and
(2) the coroner, in consultation with the law enforcement agency
investigating the death of the decedent, determines that there is a
reasonable suspicion that a person described in subsection (a)
committed the offense;
the person referred to in subdivision (2) may not authorize or designate
the manner, type, or selection of the final disposition and internment of
(c) If the coroner, the funeral director, the crematory authority,
or the cemetery representative, in consultation with:
(1) the law enforcement agency investigating the death of the
(2) any other individual with knowledge of a protection order;
determines that the decedent had filed a protection order against
the person described in subsection (a) and the protection order is
currently in effect, the person described in subsection (a) may not
authorize or designate the manner, type, or selection of the final
disposition and internment of human remains.
(c) (d) The coroner, in consultation with the law enforcement
agency investigating the death of the decedent, the funeral director,
the crematory authority, or the cemetery representative shall
inform the cemetery owner or crematory authority of the determination
under subsection (b)(2) or subsection (c).
(e) If a coroner, funeral director, crematory authority, or
cemetery representative is notified of the existence of a protection
order that is currently in effect under subsection (c) by an
individual who is not a law enforcement officer, the coroner,
funeral director, crematory authority, or cemetery representative
shall consult with a law enforcement agency to determine the
existence of a protection order that is in effect. If the law
enforcement agency cannot determine the existence of a protection
order that is in effect, the law enforcement agency shall consult the
protective order registry established under IC 5-2-9-5.5.
SOURCE: IC 35-33-8-3.2; (10)EH1234.2.3. -->
SECTION 3. IC 35-33-8-3.2, AS AMENDED BY P.L.111-2009,
SECTION 7, IS AMENDED TO READ AS FOLLOWS [EFFECTIVE
JULY 1, 2010]: Sec. 3.2. (a) A court may admit a defendant to bail and
impose any of the following conditions to assure the defendant's
appearance at any stage of the legal proceedings, or, upon a showing
of clear and convincing evidence that the defendant poses a risk of
physical danger to another person or the community, to assure the
public's physical safety:
(1) Require the defendant to:
(A) execute a bail bond with sufficient solvent sureties;
(B) deposit cash or securities in an amount equal to the bail;
(C) execute a bond secured by real estate in the county, where
thirty-three hundredths (0.33) of the true tax value less
encumbrances is at least equal to the amount of the bail;
(D) post a real estate bond; or
(E) perform any combination of the requirements described in
clauses (A) through (D).
If the court requires the defendant to deposit cash or cash and
another form of security as bail, the court may require the
defendant and each person who makes the deposit on behalf of the
defendant to execute an agreement that allows the court to retain
all or a part of the cash to pay publicly paid costs of
representation and fines, costs, fees, and restitution that the court
may order the defendant to pay if the defendant is convicted. The
defendant must also pay the fee required by subsection (d).
(2) Require the defendant to execute:
(A) a bail bond by depositing cash or securities with the clerk
of the court in an amount not less than ten percent (10%) of
the bail; and
(B) an agreement that allows the court to retain all or a part of
the cash or securities to pay fines, costs, fees, and restitution
that the court may order the defendant to pay if the defendant
A portion of the deposit, not to exceed ten percent (10%) of the
monetary value of the deposit or fifty dollars ($50), whichever is
the lesser amount, may be retained as an administrative fee. The
clerk shall also retain from the deposit under this subdivision
fines, costs, fees, and restitution as ordered by the court, publicly
paid costs of representation that shall be disposed of in
accordance with subsection (b), and the fee required by
subsection (d). In the event of the posting of a real estate bond,
the bond shall be used only to insure the presence of the
defendant at any stage of the legal proceedings, but shall not be
foreclosed for the payment of fines, costs, fees, or restitution. The
individual posting bail for the defendant or the defendant
admitted to bail under this subdivision must be notified by the
sheriff, court, or clerk that the defendant's deposit may be
forfeited under section 7 of this chapter or retained under
(3) Impose reasonable restrictions on the activities, movements,
associations, and residence of the defendant during the period of
(4) Except as provided in section 3.6 of this chapter, require the
defendant to refrain from any direct or indirect contact with an
individual and, if the defendant has been charged with an offense
under IC 35-46-3, any animal belonging to the individual,
including if the defendant has not been released from lawful
(5) Place the defendant under the reasonable supervision of a
probation officer, pretrial services agency, or other appropriate
public official. If the court places the defendant under the
supervision of a probation officer or pretrial services agency, the
court shall determine whether the defendant must pay the pretrial
services fee under section 3.3 of this chapter.
(6) Release the defendant into the care of a qualified person or
organization responsible for supervising the defendant and
assisting the defendant in appearing in court. The supervisor shall
maintain reasonable contact with the defendant in order to assist
the defendant in making arrangements to appear in court and,
where appropriate, shall accompany the defendant to court. The
supervisor need not be financially responsible for the defendant.
(7) Release the defendant on personal recognizance unless:
(A) the state presents evidence relevant to a risk by the
(i) of nonappearance; or
(ii) to the physical safety of the public; and
(B) the court finds by a preponderance of the evidence that the
(8) Require a defendant charged with an offense under IC 35-46-3
to refrain from owning, harboring, or training an animal.
(9) Impose any other reasonable restrictions designed to assure
the defendant's presence in court or the physical safety of another
person or the community.
(b) Within thirty (30) days after disposition of the charges against
the defendant, the court that admitted the defendant to bail shall order
the clerk to remit the amount of the deposit remaining under subsection
(a)(2) to the defendant. The portion of the deposit that is not remitted
to the defendant shall be deposited by the clerk in the supplemental
public defender services fund established under IC 33-40-3.
(c) For purposes of subsection (b), "disposition" occurs when the
indictment or information is dismissed or the defendant is acquitted or
convicted of the charges.
(d) Except as provided in subsection (e), the clerk of the court shall:
(1) collect a fee of five dollars ($5) from each bond or deposit
required under subsection (a)(1); and
(2) retain a fee of five dollars ($5) from each deposit under
The clerk of the court shall semiannually remit the fees collected under
this subsection to the board of trustees of the public employees'
retirement fund for deposit in the special death benefit fund. The fee
required by subdivision (2) is in addition to the administrative fee
retained under subsection (a)(2).
(e) With the approval of the clerk of the court, the county sheriff
may collect the bail posted under this section. The county sheriff shall
remit the bail to the clerk of the court by the following business day
and remit monthly the five dollar ($5) special death benefit fee to the
(f) When a court imposes a condition of bail described in subsection
(1) the clerk of the court shall comply with IC 5-2-9; and
(2) the prosecuting attorney shall file a confidential form
prescribed or approved by the division of state court
administration with the clerk.
SOURCE: IC 35-33-8-3.6; (10)EH1234.2.4. -->
SECTION 4. IC 35-33-8-3.6 IS ADDED TO THE INDIANA CODE
AS A NEW
SECTION TO READ AS FOLLOWS [EFFECTIVE JULY
1, 2010]: Sec. 3.6. (a) This section applies only to a defendant who
is charged with committing a violent crime (as defined in
IC 5-2-6.1-8) that results in bodily injury to a person.
(b) If a court releases a defendant described in subsection (a) to
bail without holding a bail hearing in open court, the court shall
include as a condition of bail the requirement that the defendant
refrain from any direct or indirect contact with the victim:
(1) for ten (10) days after release; or
(2) until the initial hearing;
whichever occurs first.
(c) At the initial hearing, the court may reinstate or modify the
condition that the defendant refrain from direct or indirect contact
with the victim.